Can you imagine the education system in the days of Vedic era ? I mean mainly
relation between teachers and students. The following is precious and noble advise to
students. Of course, modern education has expanded teaching methods and
learning, but the harmonious relation between teacher/student is far different. Then, children left their parents at age of 12 years to go to Gurukula (school). Stayed there in natural environment as member of
big family of Gurukula, obtaining full education in many subjects including scripters and
spirituality. All this happens under great guidance of the Gurus (teachers).
Important instructions are given from Guru to the Vedic student at end of the
study at Gurukula. It is particularly for those students called prajapatya
brahmacharin who return home to their family.
(from: Taitariya Upanishad of Yajurveda), Shiksha Valli, Anuvak-11)
Having imparted the wisdom the teacher instructs the disciple:-
Speak out the truth. Practice righteousness. Do not neglect your self-study. Having brought to
the teacher the wealth that is pleasing (to him), do not cut off the line of progeny. Let there
be no neglect of Truth. Let there be no neglect of righteousness. Let there be no neglect of
protecting yourself.- including health of body and mind). Let there be no neglect
of prosperity of family. Let there be no neglect of self-study and teaching. Let there be
no neglect of duties to gods and ancestors. Treat mother, father, teacher and guest as
equal to gods.
Whatever deeds are blameless, they should be practiced, not others. Whatever good practices
there are among us, they are to be adopted by you, not others (those are questionable and
improper which are done even by superior person)
Those *brahmins(respectable) who are superior to us, should be comforted by you by
offering a seat without prejudice. You are required to accept only essence of the truth. A gift
is to be offered with full faith. It should never be offered without full faith. Offer gift
according to your (financial) capacity. Gift should be offered with modesty. Gifts should be
offered with awe. Gifts should be offered with sympathy.
Then, if there is any doubt in you regarding any deed (questionable?), any doubt regarding
conduct, you should behave on such occasions as the Brahmins do, who may happen to be
available, and who are able deliberators, who are unitively balanced, who need no direction
from others, who are not harsh, and who love righteousness .
This is the injunction. This is the instruction. This is the secret wisdom of the Vedas. This is
the behest. Thus one should meditate. Thus indeed one should meditate.
*Brahmins=not as mere race, but good quality or nature of Brahmin that may be of any race.
Note:- Do not insult or say hard and abusive words to Brahmins for this will turn back to you
with wrong results. It is better to avoid such situation.